Lakhta Center, Saint Petersburg, Russia
It is one of the Golden Ring cities, a group of historic cities northeast of Moscow that have played an important role in Russian history. There is one railway bridge across the Volga and two road bridges; the second road bridge across the Volga was ready for use in October
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Russland bietet Iran Tauschdeal an Japan: Britisches Militärschiff in Odessa: Brüllen FormelBoliden wieder in Berlin? Geben Sie den Code aus dem Bild ein. Ich gebe mein Einverständnis für die Verwendung meiner persönlichen Angaben entsprechend der Datenschutzbestimmungen zum Zweck der Einrichtung eines persönlichen Accounts auf der Seite. Um fortzufahren, bestätigen Sie die E-Mail. A huge military parade , hosted by the President of Russia , is annually organised in Moscow on Red Square.
Similar parades take place in all major Russian cities and cities with the status Hero city or City of Military Glory.
State symbols of Russia include the Byzantine double-headed eagle , combined with St. George of Moscow in the Russian coat of arms. The Russian flag dates from the late Tsardom of Russia period and has been widely used since the time of the Russian Empire.
The Russian anthem shares its music with the Soviet Anthem , though not the lyrics. The imperial motto God is with us and the Soviet motto Proletarians of all countries, unite! The hammer and sickle and the full Soviet coat of arms are still widely seen in Russian cities as a part of old architectural decorations. The Soviet Red Stars are also encountered, often on military equipment and war memorials.
The Red Banner continues to be honored, especially the Banner of Victory of Cheburashka is a mascot of the Russian national Olympic team. Alexander Nevsky , St. Sergius of Radonezh and St. Seraphim of Sarov are Russia's patron saints. Chamomile is the national flower , while birch is the national tree. The Russian bear is an animal symbol and a national personification of Russia, though this image has a Western origin and Russians themselves have accepted it only fairly recently.
The native Russian national personification is Mother Russia. Tourism in Russia has seen rapid growth since the late Soviet period, first domestic tourism and then international tourism, fueled by the rich cultural heritage and great natural variety of the country.
Major tourist routes in Russia include a journey around the Golden Ring of ancient cities, cruises on the big rivers like the Volga , and long journeys on the famous Trans-Siberian Railway. In , Russia was visited by The most visited destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the current and former capitals of the country.
Moscow displays Soviet architecture at its best, along with modern skyscrapers , while St Petersburg, nicknamed Venice of the North , boasts of its classical architecture, many rivers, canals and bridges. The city has registered a brand The Third Capital of Russia , though a number of other major cities compete for this status, including Novosibirsk , Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod.
The warm subtropical Black Sea coast of Russia is the site for a number of popular sea resorts, like Sochi , the follow-up host of the Winter Olympics. The mountains of the Northern Caucasus contain popular ski resorts such as Dombay. This unique lake, the oldest and deepest in the world, has crystal-clear waters and is surrounded by taiga -covered mountains.
Other popular natural destinations include Kamchatka with its volcanoes and geysers, Karelia with its lakes and granite rocks, the snowy Altai Mountains , and the wild steppes of Tuva. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Russia disambiguation. Location of Russia green Crimean peninsula light green [note 1]. Rus' people and Rus' name. Grand Duchy of Moscow. Soviet Union and History of the Soviet Union. Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
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Spreading of knowledge of languages except Russian. Archived from the original on July 19, Archived from the original on January 6, It is from this monastery that an army of volunteers led by Minin and Prince Pozharsky set out to liberate Moscow from Polish invaders.
In , the monastery was closed and converted into a residence of the Yaroslavl and Rostov bishops. At that time, monastery buildings began to be reconstructed. New cells and the prior's chambers were built. This monastery was founded in the 12th century and thus it, and its cathedral, are the oldest buildings in the city. Typical for a Russian monastery of the Middle Ages, the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery in Yaroslavl was not built to be no more than a place of worship, but also to be a citadel and kremlin in case, in times of war, there was a need for such a facility.
This is still visible today as the monastery is surrounded by a thick 16th century, white-painted wall, complete with watchtowers and embattlements. Within these walls stand the magisterial churches, which, with their asymmetrically-ordered towers and beautifully decorated interiors, make for wonderful examples of traditional Russian sacral architecture. In addition to this there is a gatehouse church, with which the monastery's dungeons and treasury were connected.
The monastery has long had a place in the history of Yaroslavl and continues, albeit nowadays as a museum, to play a significant role in the life of the city. It was largely thanks to the impregnability of the monastery that, during the time of the Troubles, the Russian peasants' army was able to defend the city and then go on to liberate Moscow from its Polish-Lithuanian occupiers.
At the end of the 18th century, the oldest known text of the Tale of Igor's Campaign , the most renknowned work of Russian-language literature from the Middle Ages, was found in the library of the SPaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery.
This masterpiece is now on display as a permanent exhibition within the monastery, along with other works of the age and an exhibition showing the conditions an author of the era would have lived in. This church, with its five domes, and traditional Russian sacral architecture, is a classic example of a medieval Russian church. However, the church has a separate clock-tower which was built in accordance with the sacral-architectural style of Muscovy in the years —; this all goes to make the church one of the most noticeable examples of 17th-century architecture in the city.
In addition to this, the beautiful fresco-work inside the church was carried out by local artists during the building of the church, and has remained, almost unchanged, to this day. The two streets which lead off Bogolavyenskaya Square to the north-west are very good examples of the type of urban planning which was formulated for Yaroslavl in the 18th and 19th centuries. They were laid out in — as new boulevards to run around the historic city center and were built on terrain previously occupied by a number of earthen and wooden fortifications which dated from the 16th century.
There was also a small defensive moat in this area, and after the infilling of the moat and removal of all other fortifications, the defensive uses of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery largely disappeared. This was, in general, not considered to be a great loss, as the requirement for such earth-works in order to maintain defensive readiness had long since been surpassed by other methods of securing a city by the point of their removal.
The two municipal watchtowers which have been retained the Vassily tower and Volga tower were both positioned on the city's outer defensive walls which afforded them clear views of oncoming enemy forces. The style of the building, made noticeable by its many Ionic columns , is similar to that of many Russian trade rows and market halls built in the early to midth century, all over the country. This style is also very complimentary to the built neoclassical Volkov Theater. Yaroslavl's Red Square does not have the same etymology as the likewise-named Red Square in Moscow the name of which stems from the old-Russian for 'beautiful square' , rather in Yaroslavl's case, its Red Square was first so-called in the s, and was officially named in honor of the Soviet Red Guards.
Furthermore, the square is also the location where the city's main fire department can be found; this is contained within a jugendstil building, built in , and which has a large look-out tower, which even until the s was actively used by the city's fire brigade. To the east of the boulevard, within the borders of the former defensive earthworks, the architecturally-rich 'nucleus' of the old city is to be found; an area criss-crossed by many narrow, small streets, in the middle of which one of Yaroslavl's most well-recognized architectural monuments is to be found.
Before the completion of the church which currently stands in , a number of other predecessor-churches stood on this spot. From these, the oldest dated back to the foundation of Yaroslavl and the reign of Yaroslav the Wise. The church, with its five onion domes, is a cross and dome style church, the architecture of which is typical of Muscovite designs, is particularly well known for its interior fresco paintings, which, despite a history which has seen great fires and disasters, have been kept in good condition.
The frescos on the walls and ceilings were painted by around fifteen experienced artists from Yaroslavl and Kostroma around the year It is now clear to see that this complex collection of beautiful fresco-work is festooned with many references to the Old Testament.
The square, upon which the church, with its clock tower and neighboring chapel are situated, was in the early 19th century, according to the city's urban plan, to be the central square of Yaroslavl and the place upon which markets and national holidays would take place. Nowadays it is an area largely reserved for official events, with the other buildings surrounding the square all belonging to the municipal administration.
In general the streets of the city center are characterized by the noticeable mix of classical and sacral architecture. The Volga embankment is a good example of urban planning in the classicist style; built in the s, this promenade walk has remained a favorite place for residents to take a stroll and relax ever since. The southern part of the city center, around the area where the Kotorosl and Volga intersect, is an area abundant in green park-like spaces.
The Kremlin burnt down in and was never rebuilt. Yaroslavl is the site of the Volkov Theater built , the oldest theater in Russia, and the Demidovsky Pillar. The city has many Russian Orthodox churches , one Russian Old Believers church, one Baptist church, one Lutheran church, one mosque and one synagogue.
Yaroslavl has three theaters , the most famous of which is the 'Volkov Theater',  an institution which since has been housed in a large neoclassical building in the city's old town. Named after its founder, Fyodor Volkov , the theater was first opened to the public in , this making it Russia's first by official figures theatre.
The Volkov Theater still has a reputation for being one of Russia's most pioneering dramatic institutes and is considered, among the Russian acting community, to be one of the most prestigious playhouses in which to perform. Even though Volkov's original theater troop only performed in Yaroslavl for a few months before then moving to Saint Petersburg there was no regular theater company in Yaroslavl again until the beginning of the 19th century , the town is still recognised as the spiritual home of the Russian theater and dramatics.
Nowadays the Volkov Theater has two stages and a combined amount of around seats for spectators. It is considered to be the most famous of the Russian provincial theaters. Apart from the Volkov Theater, there are a number of other theatres in Yaroslavl, including the State Puppet Theater  founded in , a children's and youth theater Yaroslavl State Theater for Young Spectators,  founded , and the Yaroslavl Chamber Theater  founded In addition to these theaters, the city also has a philharmonic  founded and a permanent circus  founded There are around ten movie theaters in the city, the oldest of which 'Rodina' was built during the Soviet era in The city also has a number of large, modern multiplex cinemas, including those of the Russian cinema chains Cinema-Star and Kinomax.
Uncommon for a provincial Russian city, Yaroslavl has a large municipal Planetarium  This was founded in and was situated, for a long time, in an old church. However, in April , after two years of construction, the city's new 'Valentina Tereshkova' planetarium named after the first female cosmonaut was opened to the public.
In recent years Yaroslavl have become well known for the high-level political discourse it has hosted under the auspices of the Yaroslavl Global Policy Forum. This event, organised by the Russian government, and with the backing of President Dmitry Medvedev , has been running since and represents one of the highest level political-diplomatic forums in the world today. It is the largest political science event organised in Russia, and is held on an annual basis, with a number of foreign officials appearing as participants each year.
In the past for example, the French and Italian prime ministers Francois Fillon and Silvio Berlusconi have been guests, as well as Spanish prime minister Jose Zapatero. In Turkish president Abdullah Gül was received as a guest participant by the Russian authorities.
Yaroslavl was chosen to host the event due to its thousand-year history of being a meeting point for people of all cultures, a significant trading post, and its former status as Russia's second largest city, within which a great number of foreign embassies were situated. The award of this forum to the city coincided with the city's millennium celebrations and thus it is commonly viewed by residents to have been a gift from the Russian president to the city which has helped raise the city's global profile.
In this event became headline news in a number of countries due to the unfortunate events which led to the deaths of around forty people players, suppor staff, and air crew from Yaroslavl's 'Lokomotiv' Ice Hockey team. President Medvedev was, at the time of the crash, attending the conference at Lokomotiv's home stadium 'Arena ', and specially postponed a number of important meetings to make sure he could travel to the crash site and meet with crash victims' relatives.
Later Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin also arrived in the city to pay his condolences. Yaroslavl has a large number of educational establishments which enclose all three levels of the Russian educational system: In Yaroslavl one can study for both masters' and bachelors' level courses. Yaroslavl is currently home to the following state higher educational institutions: Amongst the non-state funded institutions for further education in the city is the International Academy for Business and New Technologies MUBiNT , and also a number of branches from Moscow-based universities.
By the end of Yaroslavl had around pre-school teaching and care groups registered within the city, within these there were around 22, places which were oversubscribed and thus filled by around 26, pre-school aged children. The number of registered children was around At the beginning of the academic year the city had around daytime general educational groups for children within which around 48, infants were registered. This figure was around people less than in the previous year.
According to the situation in around 16, people are to be found working in Yaroslavl's educational sector. Yaroslavl is situated at the crossing point of a number of major automotive , rail , and riverboat routes.
One major railway bridge and two automotive bridges Oktyabrsky and Yubileyny Bridge traverse the Volga River. The Kotorosl River is crossed by as many as four bridges for automobiles and one for railway traffic built in In the last few years the authorities of Yaroslavl have been acting on the initiative to build a bypass around the city.
For this reason the center of the city is now largely free of freight transporters and other larger vehicles transiting through the city. In August , the first piece of this new bypass was opened, it included an interchange, which connects the Yubileyny Bridge with the Southwest Yaroslavl relief road.
There is one railway bridge across the Volga and two road bridges; the second road bridge across the Volga was ready for use in October Interurban and regional bus services depart from and arrive at the city's main bus terminal.
The services run from this station serve a number of highly populated areas as well as other villages and smaller towns located within Yaroslavl Oblast such as Pereslavl-Zalessky , Rybinsk , and Uglich. Larger cities served include Moscow, St. Petersburg , Ufa , Kostroma , Kazan , and Cherepovets. Yaroslavl is the major node of the Northern Railway part of Russian Railways. Northern Railway headquarters are located on the city's Volga Embankment.
There are two major passenger railway stations: Yaroslavl-Glavny and Yaroslavl-Moskovsky serving many long-distance passenger trains.
The city is connected to Moscow by a fast electric train service sitting places only named 'Express'. Yaroslavl's main airport is Tunoshna International. It was built as abuiltld War]] airbase. The airport caters to a variety of aircraft types.
There are also two smaller airports: Levtsovo Air Base and Karachikha air field. Levtsovo is primarily used for cargo-type aircraft and helicopters and rarely for passenger flights. Yaroslavl River Port has an annual import average of around 3.
Climatic conditions allow the port to be used for six months of the year, from May to later October. The city has a well-developed network of public transportation , including buses , trolley-buses and tram lines. Below there is a table showing how many people used different types of transport in a number of given years millions of people: Every day, over different bus routes are run by a large consortium of both small and large buses and private shuttle buses.
The Yaroslavl tram system is one of the oldest in Russia and has been in existence since As of [update] , this system is made up of four routes which run through various parts of the city. While at the beginning of the 21st century, the number of tram cars used by the Yaroslavl tram system stood at around , this has now fallen by to just The city's urban transport network also runs a fleet of trolleybuses which run along nine different routes, and have done since the year Every day, 88 trolleybuses are in use around Yaroslavl, along with around normal municipal buses.
FC Shinnik Yaroslavl is an association football club based in Yaroslavl. It plays in the Russian First Division. Lokomotiv Yaroslavl is the city's ice hockey team, which was the champion of Russia in —, —, and — seasons. On 7 September all players on the team were killed, when the plane in which they were travelling for their first match of the season crashed on take off from Yaroslavl airport.
Yaroslavl has twin town ties with:. Media related to Yaroslavl at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other places with the same name, see Yaroslavl inhabited locality. City in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. Clockwise, from top right: Alexander Nevsky's Chapel , St. Elijah the Prophet's Church. Yaroslavl's founder's monument and coat of arms are depicted on the front of the rouble note.
Whilst the city's St. John the Baptist Church is on the reverse.