Mali: Peace from Below?



General Motors conducted test [ citation needed ]. The Anefis meetings represent a reappropriation by some local actors of a peace process until now largely driven by external partners.

In The News


Inter-communal violence along the Niger-Mali border and a scattered jihadist presence have left large swathes of Mali insecure. Jihadist insurgencies plague rural areas in the centre and north east.

Predation by ethnic militias, often mobilised by local politicians and community leaders to fight jihadists and in some cases tacitly backed by the Malian authorities and the French military mission, Operation Barkhane, fuel animosity among communities.

Clashes along the Niger-Mali border have claimed dozens of lives over the past few months. Amid such volatility, the 29 July vote could reinvigorate efforts to quell violence in central and northern Mali, including by breathing new life in the June Bamako peace agreement that aimed to stabilise northern Mali after a crisis that saw jihadists hold northern towns for almost a year.

The European Union EU and its member states can take several steps to improve prospects for peace. Ahead of the elections, they should encourage the main contenders to pledge to pursue disputes peacefully and through the courts. To reinvigorate implementation of the peace deal, notably its provisions related to decentralisation in the north, they will have to press the next Malian president and the armed groups that signed the deal to set clear timelines for elections to regional assemblies.

For the most part, the government and main opposition parties have maintained a peaceful dialogue about preparations for the forthcoming presidential vote. But clashes between police and opposition protesters on 2 June in the capital Bamako show that tensions persist and could degenerate into violence.

Twenty-four candidates — including only one woman — will contest the presidency. Other candidates, including former prime ministers and ministers, have little chance of winning. But in the event of a run-off, their support to either of the two main contenders could prove decisive. The immediate problem is the security of the vote itself. In the north, armed groups that signed the peace deal are still negotiating the conditions under which they will facilitate the vote in areas under their control.

Central Mali suffers general insecurity, with control over terrain murkier. The authorities have announced that voting would proceed regardless. The Bamako peace agreement, and notably its main provisions on the devolution of power and economic development in the north, as well as the demobilisation of the armed groups that signed the deal, needs a reboot. We are sorry for the inconvenience. Please note that the vocabulary items in this list are only available in this browser.

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Autoweek [] and Fastest Laps []. Porsche conducted test, PDK transmission. Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1. Lamborghini Gallardo LP Superleggera. Car equipped with roll cage. Alfa Romeo conducted test using a pre-production model, approx. Porsche conducted Test, stock vehicle. Wheels Magazine Australia [] []. Lamborghini Murcielago LP Porsche Cayman GT4 Chevrolet Corvette C6 Z General Motors , [] [] Motor Trend confirmed, recorded from a standing start rather than the generally accepted rolling start technique now used [].

Official test conducted by Honda. FWD lap record holder as of April Sport Auto , Michelin Pilot Sport. Porsche Cayman S Volkswagen conducted test, [] special Nürburgring set-up. FWD car record, video confirmed.

Volvo S60 Polestar Alfa Romeo Stelvio Quadrifoglio Alfa Romeo conducted test. Equipped with OEM optional racing seat, harness and carbon-ceramic brakes. Equipped with roll cage. Lamborghini Gallardo LP Aston Martin V12 Vantage S.

Sport Auto , Michelin Pilot Sport 2. Sport Auto [] []. Test realised by Renault Sport []. Chevrolet Corvette C5 Z Sport Auto [] Flying start "fliegende Runde. Ferrari Challenge Stradale F1. Best Motoring Video Special Vol. SEAT conducted test [].

General Motors conducted test [ citation needed ]. General Motors conducted test, [] video confirmed []. Dodge Viper SRT Motor Trend [ citation needed ]. Porsche conducted test []. Aston Martin V8 Vantage Porsche Boxster S Kumho HU36, D2 coilovers []. Auto Zeitung [] []. Best Motoring conducted test [] []. Porsche conducted test, reported by Süddeutsche Zeitung []. Mitsubishi Lancer Evo IX. Best Motoring Video Wet conditions, not a true time attack.

Evo Magazine Issue , page [ citation needed ]. Range Rover conducted test. Renault Sport conducted test, video confirmed []. Porsche Cayman S , Sport Auto []. Porsche Boxster S , BTG, Brakes and Tire modified. Chevrolet Camaro SS Sport Auto , Sport tyres.

Mitsubishi Lancer Evo VI. Alfa Romeo Giulietta QV. Opel, 05 [ citation needed ]. Hyundai Genesis Coupe 3. TopGear Russia , automatic transmission [ citation needed ]. Range Rover Sport Supercharged Dynamic Adaptive Test - https: Factory team of VEB Sachsenring. Porsche Hybrid EVO. Modified by Lanzante Motorsport to meet road regulations. Car was without front number plate and therefore not road legal during the run.

Lap record for an electric vehicle. Purpose-built track car, modifications are available to get British Single Vehicle Approval, not registrable in Germany. Timed by Sport Auto , not a road legal production car lap according to them. NIO 's first run in the Nürburgring taken in wet conditions. Porsche GT2 by Edo Competition. Technical info of chassis. Car is a series produced Formula Ford racer converted for road use that including the addition of registration plates, wheel covers, front and rear lights, revised wing mirrors and a horn.

The car was driven on road-legal tyres. Toyota Motorsport GmbH conducted test. Time was set on a non-exclusive public track day with other cars present. Car is road legal outside of North America. Car and Driver August Edition [].

Car wasn't road legal. A manual stopwatch in a promotional video by Jaguar was shown displaying this time. Refer to link for modification details.